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Countries bordering China

Here you can see all 14 countries bordering China at a glance:

  • Mongolia
  • Russia
  • North Korea
  • Vietnam
  • Laos
  • Myanmar
  • India
  • Bhutan
  • Nepal
  • Pakistan
  • Afghanistan
  • Tajikistan
  • Kigizstan
  • Kazakhstan

The order of countries bordering China is clockwise and starts in the north of the country. Together with Russia, China is the country with the most bordering countries. No other country has more bordering countries. By comparison, there are only 9 countries bordering Germany and, together with the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Germany ranks fourth among the countries with the most bordering countries.

On this page you will learn more about the main features of China’s borders with its bordering countries and also some important information about the countries bordering China.

Border of China with its bordering countries

China’s border with its neighboring countries has a total length of 22,457 kilometers. This is the longest national border that exists in the entire world. For comparison, China’s border with its neighboring countries is thus more than half of the entire circumference of the earth, which is slightly more than 40,000 kilometers.

Incidentally, China’s bordering country Russia is the country with the second longest national border in existence. It is 22,408 kilometers long.

China’s border length is complemented by almost 15,000 kilometers of coastline. One of the most famous structures in the world was once intended to protect China’s border against attacks and raids by nomadic peoples: the Great Wall of China. It is several thousand kilometers long and is still partly well preserved today.

China’s conflicts with bordering countries

Since 1940, there has been a border conflict between China and its bordering country India, which has occasionally degenerated into military conflicts. In addition, a conflict over the water of the Brahmaputra River is emerging.

China also had military conflicts with its bordering country Vietnam in recent times. The largest of these was the Sino-Vietnamese War of 1979, which resulted in some 60,000 dead. China continues to provoke today, namely in the dispute over the Spratly Islands and the Paracel Islands.

However, China does not only have conflicts with its direct neighbors, but also with other countries such as the USA, Australia, Taiwan, Malaysia, South Korea and Japan. The conflict with taiwan has been in the media more frequently lately.

Informations about the countries bordering China

China itself is the most populous country in the world with 1.43 billion inhabitants. Its neighbor India follows directly in second place with 1.36 billion inhabitants. China’s bordering country Pakistan still reaches 5th place with around 217 million inhabitants. By comparison, Germany is the world’s 17th most populous country with around 84 million inhabitants.

With an area of around 10 million square kilometers, China is the third largest country in the world. Its neighbor Russia is by far the largest country on earth with 17 million square kilometers.

China is one of the few countries in the world that still has a socialist form of government. Of course, as in all other forms of government, the powerful enrich themselves from the less powerful. Besides China, some of its bordering countries also have a socialist form of government. These are North Korea, Laos and Vietnam.

The picture shows a street in Vietnam. Vietnam is China's bordering country to the south. The sign says something like this, "The Communist Party of Vietnam is forever glorious."
The picture shows a street in Vietnam. Vietnam is China’s bordering country to the south. The sign says something like this, “The Communist Party of Vietnam is forever glorious.”

Seas bordering China

China’s entire coastline belongs to the China Seas. The China Seas is a marginal sea of the Pacific Ocean. It is further divided into the following three seas:

  • The Yellow Sea
  • The East China Sea
  • The South China Sea

China’s coastline is so long that it ranges from cool regions in the north to tropical regions in the south.

Further information

If you are interested in which countries are bordering Germany today (and in the past), then take a look at the page about Germany’s bordering countries.